A problem that results from the absence of or damage to the auditory nerve can cause a neural hearing loss. Neural hearing loss is usually profound and permanent.
Hearing aids and cochlear implants cannot help because the nerve is not able to pass on sound information to the brain. Clinic Finder FAQs Support Anatomy of the Ear
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Everybody loses these tiny hair cells in the cochlea throughout life, while the hearing gradually becomes less acute.
However, the hair cells can also be damaged by excessive noise. As a result of prolonged exposure to high intensity noise either from the work environment or from listening to loud music, sensorineural hearing impairment is becoming more common.
You can also suffer from sensorineural hearing loss having been exposed to diseases such as mumps, meningitis, multiple sclerosis, ménières disease or if you have used certain drugs, in particular aspirin, cisplatin, quinine or the antibiotics streptomycin and gentamicin.
Sensorineural hearing impairment may also occur if your mother has had rubella (German measles) during pregnancy, or if your birth weight was low.
Sensorineural hearing loss can be inherited and finally you may lose your hearing ability due to head/ear injuries.